Glossary

An introduction to keywords and language used around Palestine/Israel

Makan Glossary

Glossary

Palestinian Citizens of Israel

Palestinian Citizens of Israel

During the Nakba, over 750,000 Palestinians were expelled from what was Mandatory Palestine in order to create the state of Israel. Around 150,000...
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Second Intifada

Second Intifada

The Second Intifada, also known as the Al-Aqsa Intifada, lasted from 28th September 2000 to 8th February 2005. This second mass resistance movement...
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First Intifada

First Intifada

The First Intifada was a Palestinian mass resistance movement that lasted from 9th December 1987 until 13th September 1993. After four Palestinian...
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2000 Camp David Summit

2000 Camp David Summit

In July 2000, then-US President Bill Clinton arranged a summit meeting between Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian Authority (PA)...
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Hamas

Hamas

The Islamic Resistance Movement, also known by its Arabic acronym of Hamas, defines itself as a “Palestinian Islamic national liberation and...
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1978 Camp David Accords

1978 Camp David Accords

The Camp David Accords, comprised of two agreements dealing in turn with Egyptian-Israeli peace and the question of Palestinian self-rule, were...
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Oslo Accords

Oslo Accords

The Oslo Accords are a series of agreements between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO)1 signed in the 1990s as a result of...
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The 1948 War

The 1948 War

Also known as ‘al-Nakba’ (Arabic for ‘the Catastrophe’), the 1948 War was the foundational event effecting the future of the Palestinian people....
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The 1967 War

The 1967 War

The 1967 War, also known as the June War, Six Day War, or Third Arab-Israeli War, was fought between Israel and the surrounding states of Syria,...
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Balfour Declaration

Balfour Declaration

The Balfour Declaration of 1917 was a public statement in which the British government announced its support for “a national home for the Jewish...
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The PLO/PA

The PLO/PA

The Arab League, the regional organisation of Arab countries, established the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) in 1964 with the proclaimed...
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Settlements

Settlements

Since the war of 1967, Israel has created illegal Jewish-only settlements within the territories it has occupied since.1 Settlements in the Gaza...
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International Court of Justice

International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is based in The Hague, Netherlands and works as the main judicial body of the United Nations. It was...
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The Gaza Strip

The Gaza Strip

A coastal strip of land, bordering Israel and Egypt, that makes up part of the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) today, the Gaza Strip is home...
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Al-Naqab / The Negev

Al-Naqab / The Negev

The Negev desert, or al-Naqab in Arabic, in the southern part of Israel has faced dramatic demographic shifts since Israel’s creation. Between 1948...
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Jerusalem

Jerusalem

In the Ottoman period, Jerusalem was considered a district under the direct authority of the capital Istanbul due to its international religious...
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Water

Water

Palestinian access to water is severely restricted as a result of Israel’s occupation of Palestinian territories. Rather than utilising their own...
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The West Bank

The West Bank

A landlocked area which forms the bulk of the Occupied Palestinian Territories or ‘OPT’ (the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza...
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Refugees and Right of Return

Refugees and Right of Return

According to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), Palestinian refugees are defined as...
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